Thirteen days after the tsunami

Today is the 24th of March of 2011, thirteen days after the The 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami was a 9.0 magnitude undersea megathrust earthquake off the coast of Japan that occurred at 14:46 JST (05:46 UTC) on Friday 11 March 2011. The epicenter was approximately 72 kilometers (45 mi) east of the Oshika Peninsula of Tōhoku. This earthquake was the beginning of a human accident at Fukushima I Nuclear Plant.

The Japanese National Police Agency has officially confirmed 9,523 deaths, 2,755 injured, and more than 16,000 people missing across eighteen prefectures, the equivalent of a province in Japan, as well as over 125,000 buildings damaged or destroyed. The earthquake and tsunami caused extensive and severe structural damage in Japan including heavy damage to roads and railways as well as fires in many areas, and a dam collapse.But the main problem was around 4.4 million households in northeastern Japan were left without electricity and 1.5 million without water.

Many electrical generators were taken down, and at least three nuclear reactors suffered explosions due to hidrogen gas that had bulit up whithin their outer containment buildings. On 18 March, the International Atomic Energy Agency described the crisis as “extremely serious.” On 18 March, Japanese officials designated the magnitude of the danger at reactors 1, 2 and 3 at level 5 on the 7 point International Nuclear Event Scale (INES). French experts designated the Crisis at the level 6 of INES, taking the example that Chernobyl was designated at level 7.

The Fukushima I Nuclear accident were a are a series of ongoing equipment failures and releases of radioctive materials at Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant, following the tsunami on 11 March 2011. The plant comprises six separate boiling water reactors maintained by the Tokyo Electric Powet Company (TEPCO). Reactors 4, 5 and 6 had been shut down prior to the earthquake for planned maintenance Residents within a 20 km radius of the Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant and a 10 km  radius of the Fukushima II Nuclear Power Plant were evacuated.


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